International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS)
Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2018

Ali Danladi Abdulkadir
PhD Student, Nkumba University

Prof. Faustino L. Orach-Meza
School of Sciences Nkumba University

Dr Charles Edaku
School of Social Sciences Nkumba University Uganda



Abstract: The study examined the relationship between agricultural diversification and sustainable food security in Kano State, Nigeria. Data was collected from a sample of 378 respondents through questionnaire administration, interview and focus group discussions. Using correlation and multiple regression analysis, the paper established that mixed cropping and mixed farming were positive correlates of food security. At preliminary level, there was relationship between mixed cropping and food security (r = 0.364, p < 0.05) and also between mixed farming and food security (r = 0.481, p < 0.05). However, mixed farming had a more positive significant relationship than mixed cropping. At confirmatory level, the two enterprise diversification methods explained 26.7% of the variation in food security (adjusted R2 = 0.267), while the remaining 73.3 was explained by other factors not considered by this paper. The regression model was significant (F = 64.510, p < 0.05). This also suggested that there is relationship between mixed cropping and food security (β = 0.215, p = 0.000) and between mixed farming and food security (β = 0.402, p = 0.000). However, the magnitudes of the respective betas suggested that mixed farming was the most significant predictor of food security followed by mixed cropping.
Keyword: Agricultural Diversification, Mixed Cropping Mixed Farming, sustainable food security.

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